A Constitutional officer is a government official whose office is created by a constitution, rather than by a statute. The term of office of such officers are fixed and defined by the constitution.
The following is an example of a State Statute (Virginia) defining Constitutional Officer:
In Virginia, clerk of the circuit court, attorney for the Commonwealth, sheriff, commissioner of the revenue, and treasurer are all constitutional officers. These offices are created pursuant to Article VII, Section 4 of the Constitution of Virginia. [Va. Code Ann. § 24.2-101]
Circuit Court Clerk
Clerk of the Circuit Court is responsible for recording deeds, deeds of trust, plats and other documents on the land record books. The office also records judgements and files financial statements under the uniform commercial code. The clerk files and processes all law and chancery lawsuits, which include (but aren't limited to) divorces, injunctions, adoptions, name changes and appeals from the General District Court. The clerk also issues marriage, hunting and fishing licenses, passports and processes all felony criminal documentation. The clerk handles jury scheduling, probating wills and the appointment of administrators, trustees, executors and guardians. Phone Number: (540) 586-7632.
The Commonwealth's Attorney represents the citizens of the Commonwealth of Virginia and Bedford County in the prosecution of criminal laws. The Commonwealth's Attorney is a Constitutional officer elected to a four-year term. Phone Number: (540) 586-7628.
The Sheriff of Bedford County is responsible for law enforcement, courtroom security, serving civil papers and transporting prisoners. Phone Number: (540) 586-7827.
Commissioner of the Revenue
The Commissioner of the Revenue is responsible for assessing the value of personal property, issuing business licenses and processing Virginia income tax return. The office also maintains the land book and administers tax relief under the elderly real estate owners program, along with food and beverage tax collection. Phone Number: (540) 586-7621.
The Treasureris responsible for the collection of taxes, including the mailing of bills, processing payments and investing surplus funds Phone Number: (540) 586-7670.
Want to run for public office?
Questions? about voting, absentee voting, polling, electoral officials and more, visit the Bedford County Registrar for voting information Phone Number: (540) 586-7649.